(MaraviPost) — A spy unit established when Jacob Zuma was South Africa’s president employed tactics to neutralize anti-government groups and undermine Cyril Ramaphosa’s campaign to lead the ruling African National Congress, according to a government report on the State Security Agency.

The unit was deployed ahead of a January 2016 party meeting in Rustenburg to “impede distribution” of officials’ uniforms and block routes for “dissident groups from Gauteng province,” according to the 101-page report. The unit “had largely become a parallel intelligence structure serving a faction of the ruling party and, in particular, the personal political interests of the sitting president of the party and country.”

Ramaphosa, 66, in June established a high-level review panel with 10 members, headed by former minister Sydney Mufamadi, to investigate and review the intelligence services over the past 10 years. Zuma was ousted by his own party before the end of his second term.

Since replacing Zuma, Ramaphosa has vowed to tackle corruption, improve investor sentiment and raise $100 billion in investment over five years to help revive an ailing economy, which expanded 0.8 percent in 2018, according to Statistics South Africa. He also established a judicial commission to probe alleged looting of state funds and undue influence at state owned companies and government departments during Zuma’s terms in office.

The unit also actively sought to neutralize the insurgency against Zuma’s administration, the report said. The unit also created fake news through a political campaign in the 2016 local government elections, the document showed.

The unit’s operation included “infiltrating and influencing the media in order, apparently, to counter bad publicity for the country, the then president and the SSA,” it said.

The state is investigating people named in the report, State Security Minister Dipuo Letsatsi-Duba said in an interview on state-owned broadcaster SAFM Monday.

(Updates with comment from minister in final paragraph.)

–With assistance from Prinesha Naidoo.

To contact the reporter on this story: Amogelang Mbatha in Johannesburg at ambatha@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Karl Maier at kmaier2@bloomberg.net, Steve Geimann, Brian Wingfield

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